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All About Granma Cuba

Granma Cuba

Located on the southernmost point of Cuba, the province of Granma is renowned for its history and awesome natural beauty. It is also home to the stunning stretch of the Sierra Maestra mountains that can be seen from the coastal regions of the province. Granma also holds the accolade of being the home to the country’s longest river, the Rio Cauto.

Granma Pico Turquino

Some of the most pristine coastal marine reefs in the Americas are situated along its rugged southern coastline. The province boasts two national parks, the Gran Parque Nacional Sierra Maestra and the Parque Nacional Desembarco del Granma, habitat of such botanical wonders as the dwarf orchids and the ancient giant cactus and indigenous wildlife such as the tocororo and zunzun bird species. The tocororo of course being Cuba’s national bird.

Car Rental Granma Cuba | Rent a Car Granma Cuba

Granma Car Rental Cuba

Take control of your trip to Granma Cuba and rent a car. We have some incredible Granma Car rental offers from economic cars to the latest sport convertible models. We also offer 7 and 9 seat minivans in Granma Cuba, especially for larger groups or families. Booking your Cuba Car Hire in advance is crucial to your trip and, by checking our rates and availability you’ll be able to find the car to suit your budget and ensure it is ready and waiting on the exact day and time you choose.

Book with your car in Granma with Havanautos, CubaCAR, REX or Via Rent a Car now to avoid setbacks or unnecessary unplanned costs while you’re in Cuba.

Our exclusive Cuba-One-Way® program also caters for those of you who wish to collect your Cuban rent a car in say Granma and return it in another city, ensuring that your exact itinerary starting from Granma is organized in advance.

If you’d prefer a “one-price” offer, we have our FlexiDrive® Road Trip program. It includes both a rental car and hotel voucher to visit any hotel across Cuba within the program, drive at your own pace, without making forward bookings of more than 24 hours in advance and ensuring absolute freedom to discover our beautiful country. The FlexiDrive® package is available from 7 to 30 days, you decide the duration!

Car Rental Granma Cuba

Why visit Granma Cuba?

Granma Cuba Photos

The province of Granma is Located 730 km. (just over 450 miles) from Havana on Cuba’s southeast coast and has many natural tourist attractions.

Granma has “made in Cuba” stamped all over it. This is the land where José Martí died, Fidel Castro landed with his revolutionaries, and the native Carlos Manuel de Céspedes freed his slaves and formally declared Cuban independence in 1868. And, if history doesn’t provide it, you can always ponder over the geographical significance of Cuba’s longest river (The Cauto), it’s most pristine coastal marine barrier reefs (in Parque Nacional Desembarco del Granma) and its third-highest mountain (Pico Bayamesa, 1730 m).

With a lot of its interior and southwestern coastal areas cut off from the main transport grid, one of Granma’s primary attractions is the isolation that goes with its virgin territories, begging to be discovered by the visitor. Street parties in town such as Bayamo, Manzanillo and Pilón are a weekly occurrence and are uniquely enlivened with homemade street snacks, hotly contested games of chess, and the kind of archaic colonial streets that were last seen in Europe when Cuba was still a property of Spain.

Juxtaposing its pancake-flat rice fields with the soaring peaks of the Sierra Maestra, Granma is more rural than urban and, even the two main cities of Bayamo and Manzanillo retain a faintly rustic air.

But far from sucking on sugar stalks in the safety of their remote background refuges, the resourceful locals are renowned for their creativity, particularly in the field of music. Two of the giants of Cuban “Nueva Trova” (philosophical folk guitar music) were born in Granma (Pablo Milanés in Bayamo and Carlos Puebla in Manzanillo), and in 1972 the province hosted a groundbreaking music festival that helped put this revolutionary new music style on Cuba’s and Latin America’s cultural map.

River Cauto Cuba

Granma has 837, (Without including the keys whose area is around 9,6 And its territory includes natural regions which are very differentiable: The Cauto’s flatness and part of Sierra Maestra´s mountains systems where you’ll find the highest peaks of the country. On its flank, you’ll distinguish the longest river of Cuba, El Cauto, with many small lakes and numerous reservoirs. On the River Cauto’s banks farmers work some of the most fertile land in the province.

Bordering to the North with Las Tunas and Holguin provinces; to the South with Santiago de Cuba and the Caribbean Sea; to the East with Holguín and Santiago de Cuba; and to the west with the Guacanayabo‘s Gulf. Granma’s population is over 830,000. Therefore, based upon its dimension it occupies the sixth position in a national ranking for square miles and the fifth places for its population.

Between its mountains there are on The Sierra Maestra, La Bayamesa’s peak (the highest, with 1,756 meters), Marti’s peak (1,722 m.), Palma Mocha’s peak (1,388 m) and Caracas’s peak (1,234m.). The caves are “Ceremonial del Guafe” and “Cabo Cruz”. The rivers are known CAUTO (343km long) drainage area (8,969; it’s affluent: Bayamo (115 m. long) drainage area (, and Cautillo (74, 4 m. long) drainage area (

Its economic profile is agriculture and cattle. Its principal productions are: sugar cane, rice, coffee, seafood products, marble and cocoa.

History of Granma Cuba

Cuba Bayamo

Granma’s capital city, Bayamo, was founded by Diego Velázquez de Cuellar in 1513, making it Cuba’s second oldest city after Baracoa. Many of the original colonial buildings were ruined in the Great Fire of 1869, when the city’s residents set the city ablaze rather than surrendering it to the invading Spaniards. The restored city center has since been declared a national monument by UNESCO.

Carnival Bayamo

As with virtually every town in the Granma province, the streets of Bayamo come alive with street parties on Saturday evenings, a lively and long-standing local tradition of fun and frolics that many foreign visitors equally enjoy. The province’s capital is also famous for its annual Bayamo Carnival.

Archaeological Trail El Guafe in Granma

Archaeological Trail El Guafe

About 8 km southwest of “Las Coloradas beach” you’ll find the Archaeological Trail of El Guafe which is about 3 km in length. The Desembarco del Granma National Park’s only advertised archaeological site. An underground river here has created 20 large caverns, one of which contains the famous “Idolo del agua” (water’s idol) carved from stalagmites by pre-Colombian Indians.

Idolo del agua Cuba

You should allow about two hours for the stroll in order to take in the butterflies, 180 different species of birds (including the tiny “colibrí”) and multiple orchids. There’s also a 500 year old cactus en the route.