Desembarco del Granma National Park

Granma Coast Cuba

Granma province manages to blend unique environmental diversity with important historical significance, this place includes 275 sq km of teeming forests peculiar topography and staggered marine terraces and reefs. It’s also a spiritual shrine to the Cuban Revolution, the landing place which brought Fidel Castro and The Revolution to Cuba in 1956. A large monument and the museum called “Las Coloradas” just beyond the park gate marks the exact landing spot. The Granma museum outlines the routes taken by Castro, Ché Guevara and the others into the Sierra Maestra, where there´s also a full scale replica of the Granma vessel.

Named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999 the park protects some of the most pristine coastal cliffs in the Americas; of the 512 plant species identified thus far, about 60% are endemic and a dozen of them are found only here. The fauna is equally rich with 25 species of mollusk, 7 species of amphibian, 44 types of reptile, 110 species of birds and 13 types of mammals.

Desembarco del Granma National Park

In “El Guafe” archaeologists have uncovered the second most important community of ancient agriculturists and ceramic markers discovered in Cuba. Approximately 1000 years old, the artifacts include altars, carved stones and earthen vessels along with 6 idols guarding a water goddess inside a ceremonial cave. As far as archaeologists are concerned, it’s probably just the tip of the iceberg.